Cecile Faubert - March 11, 2022 - Math Worksheet
As we know, autism is a spectrum that varies in children’s conditions so it is impossible to provide an effective method for teaching mathematics to every child. Each autistic child has advantages and disadvantages that can be directed to learning mathematics.
Some standard math teaching techniques can be modified to be used to teach autistic children. Because mathematics is traditionally taught using language, while autistic children have a lack language, it is advisable to use visuals and demonstrations in learning mathematics so that children immediately see the concept visually and understand its meaning. Tips for teaching math to autistic children:
Here are some ways to teach autistic children that you can practice at home.
Numbers can naturally be taught while playing for example using a puzzle or while singing or counting in a natural environment. Some children who cannot grasp the concept of numbers and shapes from playing naturally can be taught numbers using the error-less learning method (numbers are written on flashcards). Teach 1-5, then 5-10, 11-15, 15-20 (Depending on the ability of the child, the target may be more or less in one teaching). In the same way teach the shapes of circles, stars, rectangles, etc. Can be in writing or not depending on the condition of the child.
Teaching number sequences can use number flashcards or connect number dots that resemble a picture of something (usually found in kindergarten books). The child sorts the numbers with flashcards. Or fill in the blank number dots in sequence. Example 1, 2, …, 4. The child will fill in the number 3.
Use a number card (with the help of the number circles if necessary). Then prepare items that can be counted, such as coins or matches. Then ask the child, “give 2 coins”. Use the visual number 2 or 2 dots to help the child associate what the therapist says with the number of items he or she should give the therapist. Also, ask the opposite. Give the child 2 coins, and ask “how many are there?”.
Combine several items of various colors or shapes (only one) then ask the child to group the items, then ask the child for example how many red, blue, and yellow colors. Some ways to teach addition are as follows: